Friday, May 5, 2023

What is MODS (Metadata Object Schema)?


MODS (Metadata Object Schema) is an XML-based schema created to provide a standard format for recording descriptive metadata about various digital objects. It is used in libraries, museums, and archives to share information about digital items such as videos, images, books, and audio recordings. MODS is a standardized way of storing metadata that allows for easier searching, sorting, and sharing of information.

The MODS schema was developed in 2002 by the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress. It is based on Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS) and the Encoded Archival Description (EAD). It is designed to allow libraries to share descriptive data both online and in printed forms. MODS aims to provide a detailed and precise description of digital objects, allowing them to be shared and exchanged between organizations.

MODS is organized into elements that provide descriptive information about digital objects, such as title, author, publisher, and date. Each element contains descriptive information on the object, such as its format, physical characteristics, language, publisher, and edition. The elements and their related attributes allow a richer and more detailed description of the digital items and allow users to search for items more quickly than other metadata formats.

Another advantage of using MODS is that it is based on XML (Extensible Markup Language), which allows for greater flexibility and interoperability with other metadata systems. This flexibility allows for greater integration, as MODS can describe digital objects in other non-MARC-based systems such as Dublin Core and VRA Core. Furthermore, thanks to its XML-based architecture, MODS can be easily converted into other formats, such as HTML and PDF.

Overall, MODS is a powerful and flexible tool for providing precise descriptive information about digital objects. It is easy to use, compatible with other metadata systems, and provides a rich description of digital assets. It is widely used by libraries, museums, and archives to easily share and exchange digital content, making it an essential tool for anyone working with digital objects.


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